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Eur J Neurol. 2009 Jan;16(1):142-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2008.02384.x. Epub 2008 Nov 25.

Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination validation in Parkinson's disease.

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1
Movement Disorders Section, Neuroscience Department and Cognitive Department, Institute for Neurological Research Raul Carrea FLENI, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Erratum in

  • Eur J Neurol. 2012 Mar;19(3):e33. Lloret, S P [corrected to Perez-Lloret, S]; Gerscovich, E R [corrected to Roldan Gerschcovich, E]..

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is a clear need for brief, sensitive and specific cognitive screening instruments in Parkinson's disease (PD).

OBJECTIVES:

To study Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE) validity for cognitive assessment of PD patient's using the Mattis Dementia Rating Scale (MDRS) as reference method. A specific scale for cognitive evaluation in PD, in this instance the Scales for Outcomes of Parkinson's disease-Cognition (SCOPA-COG), as well as a general use scale the Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) were also studied for further correlation.

METHODS:

Forty-four PD patients were studied, of these 27 were males (61%), with a mean (SD) age of 69.5 (11.8) years, mean (SD) disease duration of 7.6 (6.4) years (range 1-25), mean (SD) total Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score 37 (24) points, UPDRS III 16.5 (11.3) points. MDRS, ACE and SCOPA-COG scales were administered in random order. All patients remained in on-state during the study.

RESULTS:

Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination correlated with SCOPA-COG (r = 0.93, P < 0.0001), and MDRS (r = 0.91 P < 0.0001) and also with MMSE (r = 0.84, P < 0.001). Area under the receiver-operating curve, taking MDRS as the reference test, was 0.97 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.92-1.00] for ACE, 0.92 (95% CI: 0.83-1.00) for SCOPA-COG and 0.91 (95% CI: 0.83-1.00) for MMSE. Best cut-off value for ACE was 83 points [Sensitivity (Se) = 92%; Specificity (Sp) = 91%; Kappa concordance (K) = 0.79], 20 points for the SCOPA-COG (Se = 92%; Sp = 87%; K = 0.74) and 26 points for MMSE (Se = 61%; Sp = 100%; K = 0.69).

CONCLUSION:

Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination appears to be a valid tool for dementia evaluation in PD, with a cut-off point which should probably be set at 83 points, displaying good correlation with both the scale specifically designed for cognitive deficits in PD namely SCOPA-COG, as well as with less specific tests such as MMSE.

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