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Mol Microbiol. 1991 Mar;5(3):575-84.

Catabolite repression of alpha-amylase gene expression in Bacillus subtilis involves a trans-acting gene product homologous to the Escherichia coli lacl and galR repressors.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport 71130.


Expression of the alpha-amylase gene of Bacillus subtilis is controlled at the transcriptional level, and responds to the growth state of the cell as well as the availability of rapidly metabolizable carbon sources. Glucose-mediated repression has previously been shown to involve a site near the transcriptional start-point of the amyE gene. In this study, a transposon insertion mutation was characterized which resulted in loss of glucose repression of amyE gene expression. The gene affected by this mutation, which was localized near 263 degrees on the B. subtilis chromosomal map, was isolated and its DNA sequence was determined. This gene, designated ccpA, exhibited striking homology to repressor genes of the lac and gal repressor family. The ccpA gene was found to be allelic to alsA, previously identified as a regulator of acetoin biosynthesis, and may be involved in catabolite regulation of other systems as well.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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