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J Physiol Biochem. 2008 Jun;64(2):135-41.

Effects of hyperoxia on biomarkers of oxidative stress in closed-circuit oxygen military divers.

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Servicio de Análisis Clínicos, Sección de Bioquímica del Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Ctra. Madrid-Cartagena s/n, El Palmar, Murcia, España.


Oxygen toxicity is a problem in diving which can have fatal consequences in the water. When divers use closed-circuit oxygen rebreathing apparatus they are taking only oxygen 100% and this hyperoxic exposure increases the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in biological tissues. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effects of hyperoxia on biomarkers of oxidative stress in closed-circuit oxygen military divers. Fifteen professional divers of Spanish Navy Diving Centre participated in a training program which consisted of one-hour immersion at seven metres of depth breathing oxygen 100% with closed-circuit oxygen rebreathing apparatus. The training went on two or three times per week for the first six weeks and once a week for the last six weeks. Serum total antioxidant status (TAS), levels of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), nitrates (NO3(-)) and urinary concentrations of 15-isoprostane F2t were measured. The results show that TAS decreased significantly after 6 weeks (mean 1.38 versus 1.23 mmol/l), with a slight increase at the end (mean 1.31 mmol/l). GPx and F2-isoprostanes were significantly lower after 6 and 12 weeks and NO3(-) was significantly lower after 6 weeks and remained unchanged until the end. In summary, professional divers who use closed-circuit apparatus and therefore breathe oxygen 100%, do not suffer an important oxidative hyperoxia-induced stress, probably due an adaptive process after hyperoxia. The age and good physical form of the subjects studied could probably enhance the adaptive process to hyperoxia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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