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Parasitol Res. 2009 Apr;104(5):985-91. doi: 10.1007/s00436-008-1278-8. Epub 2008 Nov 29.

Evidence for intestinal heterogenic expression of di-tripeptides transporter PepT1 during experimental cryptosporidiosis in neonatal rats.

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EA209 Eucaryotes pathogènes: transports membranaires et chimiorésistance, Faculté des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, Université Paris Descartes, 75006, Paris, France.


Cryptosporidium parvum is a protozoan parasite that causes intestinal malabsorptive syndrome and malnutrition. Considering the importance of di-tripeptide absorption for nutritional status, we previously investigated the regulation of PepT1 transporter in the suckling rat model of acute cryptosporidiosis and showed that PepT1 protein expression and activity were not modified in the parasitized intestine. Here we used confocal microscopy performed on intestinal villi to determine the subcellular localization of PepT1 together with f-actin and parasites. For this purpose, confocal microscopy using vibratome thick sections was developed on the distal small intestine, the preferential site of parasite implantation. Results showed major heterogeneity of apical PepT1 expression among enterocytes, which did not correlate with actin staining or parasite implantation. These results underscore the importance of considering the effect of C. parvum at the cellular scale and not only in the entire epithelium.

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