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Eur J Immunol. 1991 Jun;21(6):1513-22.

V lambda and J lambda-C lambda gene segments of the human immunoglobulin lambda light chain locus are separated by 14 kb and rearrange by a deletion mechanism.

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Institut für Physiologische Chemie, Universität, Munich, FRG.


We have cloned a region of 124 kb of the human immunoglobulin lambda light chain locus on chromosome 22 encompassing seven V lambda and seven J-C lambda gene segments. No further C lambda gene segment was found in a region of 35 kb downstream of C lambda 7, which encodes the Ke+Oz- isotype. The C lambda proximal V lambda gene segment V lambda III. 1 is located 14.5 kb upstream of C lambda 1. The five sequenced V lambda genes have the same transcriptional orientation as the J-C lambda gene segments which is likely to be true for the majority of the V lambda gene segments in the human lambda locus and which suggests a deletion mechanism for DNA rearrangement. This is supported by hybridization of V lambda gene probes to germ-line and rearranged DNA from lambda light chain-producing cell lines. Sequences of 23 cDNA clones allow to establish a V lambda subgroup classification based on nucleic acid sequence data and an estimate of the J-C lambda usage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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