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APMIS. 1991 May;99(5):475-81.

ELISA for detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae antigens using monoclonal antibodies.

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Department of Bacteriology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


Seven monoclonal antibodies directed against major antigens of Mycoplasma pneumoniae were selected for the development of an antigen detection assay. Three of these were directed to the 170,000-dalton adhesin of M. pneumoniae. The test was an antigen-capture enzyme immunoassay using the different monoclonal antibodies for capture of antigen and a polyclonal rabbit antiserum as detection reagent. With three of the monoclonal antibodies a detection limit of approximately 2 ng M. pneumoniae protein was obtained, as determined by titration of M. pneumoniae organisms in buffer. The detection limit of the assays was only slightly less when the other four monoclonal antibodies were used. In artificially infected nasopharyngeal aspirates the detection limit was approximately 10 times lower. The fact that no significant differences in the detection limit of the assays were recorded using monoclonal antibodies directed against different antigens indicates that these antigens were available for reaction with antibodies irrespective of their location in intact M. pneumoniae cells. In the assay there were no significant cross-reactions with a number of bacterial species potentially colonizing the respiratory tract, except for a protein A-positive strain of Staphylococcus aureus. Our test is equally sensitive to another recently described ELISA using polyclonal antibodies. In comparison with other recommended methods such as immunoblot and culture-amplified antigen detection assays, the ELISA is more rapid and less laborious.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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