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Cryobiology. 2009 Feb;58(1):110-114. doi: 10.1016/j.cryobiol.2008.11.004. Epub 2008 Nov 18.

Permeation of several cryoprotectant agents into porcine articular cartilage.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Alberta Hospital, 2D2.32 WMC, University of Alberta, 8440-112St Edmonton, Alta., Canada T6G 2B7. Electronic address: njomha@ualberta.ca.
2
Department of Surgery, University of Alberta Hospital, 2D2.32 WMC, University of Alberta, 8440-112St Edmonton, Alta., Canada T6G 2B7.
3
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
4
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Erratum in

  • Cryobiology. 2009 Dec;59(3):369.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Osteochondral allografting is an effective method to treat large osteochondral defects but difficulties in tissue preservation have significantly limited the application of this technique. Successful cryopreservation of articular cartilage (AC) could improve the clinical availability of osteochondral tissue and enhance clinical outcomes but cryopreservation of large tissues is hampered by a lack of knowledge of permeation kinetics within these tissues. This study describes the refinement and extension of a recently published technique to measure the permeation kinetics of cryoprotectant agents (CPAs) within porcine AC.

DESIGN:

Dowels of porcine AC (10mm diameter) were immersed in solutions containing 6.5 M concentrations of four commonly used CPAs [dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), propylene glycol (PG), ethylene glycol (EG) and glycerol] for different times (1s, 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, 120, 180 min , 24h) at three different temperatures (4, 22, and 37 degrees C). The cartilage was isolated and the amount of CPA within the matrix was determined.

RESULTS:

Diffusion coefficients (DMSO=2.4-6.2x10(-6)cm2/s; PG=0.8-2.7x10(-6)cm2/s; EG=1.7-4.2x10(-6)cm2/s; and glycerol=0.8-2.4x10(-6)cm2/s) and activation energies (DMSO=4.33 kcal/mol, PG=6.29 kcal/mol, EG=3.77 kcal/mol, and glycerol=5.56 kcal/mol) were determined for each CPA.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this experiment provide accurate permeation kinetics of four commonly used CPAs in porcine articular cartilage. This information will be useful for developing effective vitrification protocols for cryopreservation of AC.

PMID:
19041639
DOI:
10.1016/j.cryobiol.2008.11.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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