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Korean J Radiol. 2008 Nov-Dec;9(6):541-9. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2008.9.6.541.

Interventional management of gastrointestinal fistulas.

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Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.


Gastrointestinal (GI) fistulas are frequently very serious complications that are associated with high morbidity and mortality. GI fistulas can cause a wide array of pathophysiological effects by allowing abnormal diversion of the GI contents, including digestive fluid, water, electrolytes, and nutrients, from either one intestine to another or from the intestine to the skin. As an alternative to surgery, recent technical advances in interventional radiology and percutaneous techniques have been shown as advantageous to lower the morbidity and mortality rate, and allow for superior accessibility to the fistulous tracts via the use of fistulography. In addition, new interventional management techniques continue to emerge. We describe the clinical and imaging features of GI fistulas and outline the interventional management of GI fistulas.

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