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Surv Ophthalmol. 2008 Nov;53 Suppl1:S33-8. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2008.08.007.

Early aggressive intraocular pressure lowering, target intraocular pressure, and a novel concept for glaucoma care.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305-5308, USA.


Early diagnosis of glaucomatous optic nerve damage offers the potential for early treatment which may prevent vision loss from this neurodegenerative disease. Even in patients who do not begin early treatment, early diagnosis allows for better monitoring of disease at a stage where the stakes are lower relative to later stages of the disease. For these reasons, early diagnosis of glaucomatous optic nerve disease is desirable and opens the door for appropriately aggressive therapy. The target intraocular pressure (IOP) concept is widely employed by glaucoma practitioners. Although there have been no randomized clinical trials or other high-quality studies showing the benefits of setting a target IOP versus not using this approach, there is ample evidence that lowering IOP slows glaucoma progression and, in general, lower is better, regardless of disease stage and baseline IOP level. We propose an alternative approach to managing glaucoma without the use of the target IOP concept and suggest that this market IOP concept should be compared with the target IOP approach in an appropriately powered comparative clinical trial.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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