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Bone. 2009 Feb;44(2):233-42. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2008.09.021. Epub 2008 Nov 6.

Bone morphogenetic protein-2 enhances the motility of chondrosarcoma cells via activation of matrix metalloproteinase-13.

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Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Yun-Lin Branch, Yun-Lin County, Taiwan.


Chondrosarcoma is a low-grade sarcoma characterized by developing metastases and high local recurrence rate. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) plays an essential role in tumor progression and metastasis. Here we found that BMP-2 induced the migration of human chondrosarcoma cells (JJ012 cells). BMP-2 also increased the secretion of metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) in JJ012 cells, as shown by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, western blot and zymographic analysis. The MMP-13 small interfering RNA inhibited the BMP-2-induced MMP-13 expression and thereby significantly inhibited the BMP-2-induced cell migration. Furthermore, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor (PI3K; Ly294002) or Akt inhibitor suppressed BMP-2-induced MMP-13 mRNA expression. Transient transfection with dominant negative p85 and Akt mutant also showed that the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was involved in BMP-2-induced MMP-13 expression. In addition, AP-1 decoy oligodeoxynucleotide also suppressed the MMP-13 promoter activity enhanced by BMP-2. Moreover, BMP-2 increased the binding of c-Fos and c-Jun to the AP-1 element on the MMP-13 promoter. Taken together, our results indicated that BMP-2 enhanced the invasiveness of chondrosarcoma cells by increasing MMP-13 expression through the PI3K, Akt, c-Fos/c-Jun and AP-1 signal transduction pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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