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J Infect Dis. 1991 Jun;163(6):1247-55.

Inhibition of localized adhesion of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli to HEp-2 cells by immunoglobulin and oligosaccharide fractions of human colostrum and breast milk.

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Division of Microbiology, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico.


Secretory IgA (sIgA) purified from colostrum and breast milk obtained from 14 women inhibited the localized adherence of an enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) to HEp-2 cells. Inhibition decreased as lactation continued even when the concentration of sIgA was maintained constant at 1 mg/ml. sIgA responded to a 94-kDa plasmid-encoded outer membrane protein implicated as the EPEC adherence factor. An oligosaccharide-enriched fraction (OEF) from these samples also inhibited the attachment of this EPEC. Inhibition by OEFs decreased as lactation continued because of a general reduction in oligosaccharide content. Localized adherence of six other EPEC was also inhibited by sIgA and OEF, whereas attachment of isolates with diffuse or aggregative adherence was not inhibited by these fractions. Experiments with purified oligosaccharide fractions revealed that EPEC attach to HEp-2 cells through a carbohydrate-mediated mechanism based on the preferential recognition of fucosylated residues in human milk.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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