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Lancet Infect Dis. 2009 Jan;9(1):31-44. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(08)70261-5. Epub 2008 Nov 25.

Host genetic susceptibility to pneumococcal and meningococcal disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Department of Neurology, Centre for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.


Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis can cause sepsis and meningitis. Several risk factors for pneumococcal and meningococcal disease have been identified, but the cause of basic differences in susceptibility between individuals and populations is unknown. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms are thought to explain interindividual differences in susceptibility. New technologies provide the opportunity to study the genetic basis of susceptibility to these diseases. In recent years, several studies have been published on these polymorphisms in pneumococcal and meningococcal disease, many with apparently conflicting results. Herein we provide a systematic overview of all polymorphisms studied for a relation with susceptibility to pneumococcal and meningococcal disease. We also propose an initiative to pool genetic data on pneumococcal and meningococcal meningitis in one biobank.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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