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Med Microbiol Immunol. 2009 Feb;198(1):33-7. doi: 10.1007/s00430-008-0102-5. Epub 2008 Nov 26.

Comparison of performance in two diagnostic methods for tuberculosis infection.

Author information

1
The Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Japan Anti-Tuberculosis Association, Kiyose, Tokyo, Japan. higuchi@jata.or.jp

Abstract

Performance of two diagnoses, T-SPOT.TB (T-SPOT) and QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G), was compared in Japanese subjects. Forty-seven confirmed tuberculosis patients and eighty-four healthy subjects were recruited. All samples were assessed for both T-SPOT and QFT-G, and the sensitivities and the specificities were compared between two methods. The sensitivity was 100% for T-SPOT, and 87.2% for QFT-G. The specificity was 83.3 and 98.8%, respectively. The overall agreement of two tests was substantially high (Kappa coefficient = 0.671). The sensitivity of T-SPOT appeared to be higher than that of QFT-G, whereas the specificity of T-SPOT was significantly lower than that of QFT-G. The difference in the performance between T-SPOT and QFT-G and biological relevance of each system in diagnosing M. tuberculosis infection should be further explored.

PMID:
19034505
DOI:
10.1007/s00430-008-0102-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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