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Anticancer Res. 2008 Sep-Oct;28(5B):3019-25.

Gefitinib in combination with gemcitabine and vinorelbine in patients with metastatic breast cancer pre-treated with taxane and anthracycline chemotherapy: a phase I/II trial.

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, University General Hospital of Heraklion, Greece.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the tolerability and efficacy of the combination of gefitinib with gemcitabine plus vinorelbine in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients, pretreated with anthracyclines and taxanes.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Women with measurable MBC pretreated with anthracycline- and taxane-based chemotherapy received oral gefitinib (250 mg/day) continuously combined with intravenous gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 on day 1, every 2 weeks. The first 10 enrolled patients were evaluated for the safety and tolerability of the proposed fixed-dose regimen.

RESULTS:

The study was discontinued prematurely due to low accrual. Twenty-five (71%) of the originally scheduled 35 patients received a total of 154 chemotherapy cycles. All the patients had previously received taxane- and 72% additionally anthracycline-based chemotherapy and 64% of them had progressive disease as best response to first-line treatment. Three episodes of dose-limiting toxicities (one non-febrile neutropenia grade 4 and two non-neutropenic infections grade 3) were observed in the safety analysis of the first 10 patients. In an intent-to-treat analysis, the overall response rate was 12% (95% CI, 0-24.7%), the median time to tumour progression was 3.5 months (range 1.0-11.5) and the median overall survival was 10.4 months (range 1.0-46.0). The main toxicity was hematological, with grade 3 and 4 neutropenia occurring in 6 (24%) and 4 (16%) patients, respectively. Febrile neutropenia occurred in 2 (8.0%) patients.

CONCLUSION:

Although well tolerated, the gefitinib plus gemcitabine and vinorelbine regimen achieved a low response rate in this prematurely terminated trial and therefore cannot be recommended for women with pretreated MBC.

PMID:
19031950
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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