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World J Gastroenterol. 2008 Nov 14;14(42):6531-5.

Colorectal carcinoma in Lagos and Sagamu, Southwest Nigeria: a histopathological review.

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Department of Morbid Anatomy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, P.M.B. 12003, Surulere, Lagos, Nigeria.



To study the frequency, gender and age distribution as well as pathological characteristics of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in Lagos and Sagamu in SW Nigeria.


This is a retrospective pathological review of histologically diagnosed CRC from 5 laboratories in Lagos and Sagamu. The clinical data, such as age, sex and clinical summary were extracted from demographic information. Cases of anal cancer were excluded from this study.


There were 420 cases (237 males and 183 females) of CRC. It peaked in the 60-69 year age group (mean: 50.7; SD: 16.2), M:F ratio 1.3:1 and 23% occurred below 40 years. The majority was well to moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma 321 (76.4%), mucinous carcinoma 45 (10.7%) and signet ring carcinoma 5 (1.2%), and more common in patients under 40 years compared to well differentiated tumors. The recto-sigmoid colon was the most common site (58.6%). About 51% and 34% of cases presented at TNM stages II and III, respectively.


CRC is the commonest malignant gastrointestinal (GIT) tumor most commonly located in the recto-sigmoid region. The age and sex prevalence and histopathological features concur with reports from other parts of the world.

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