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J Athl Train. 2008 Oct-Dec;43(6):640-58. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-43.6.640.

National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement: environmental cold injuries.

Author information

1
Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, Michigan, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To present recommendations for the prevention, recognition, and treatment of environmental cold injuries.

BACKGROUND:

Individuals engaged in sport-related or work-related physical activity in cold, wet, or windy conditions are at risk for environmental cold injuries. An understanding of the physiology and pathophysiology, risk management, recognition, and immediate care of environmental cold injuries is an essential skill for certified athletic trainers and other health care providers working with individuals at risk.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

These recommendations are intended to provide certified athletic trainers and others participating in athletic health care with the specific knowledge and problem-solving skills needed to address environmental cold injuries. Each recommendation has been graded (A, B, or C) according to the Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy criterion scale.

KEYWORDS:

chilblain; environmental physiology; frostbite; frostnip; hypothermia; immersion foot; pernio; trench foot

PMID:
19030143
PMCID:
PMC2582557
DOI:
10.4085/1062-6050-43.6.640
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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