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Carcinogenesis. 2009 Feb;30(2):269-74. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgn247. Epub 2008 Nov 20.

Hormone-dependent effects of FGFR2 and MAP3K1 in breast cancer susceptibility in a population-based sample of post-menopausal African-American and European-American women.

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  • 1Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


FGFR2 and MAP3K1 are members of the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK-signaling pathway and have been identified from genome-wide association studies to be breast cancer susceptibility genes. Potential interactions of these genes and their role with respect to tumor markers, hormonal factors and race on breast cancer risk have not been explored. We examined FGFR2 and MAP3K1 variants, breast tumor characteristics and hormone exposures in a population-based case-control sample of 1225 European-American (EA) and 584 African-American (AA) women. FGFR2 rs1219648 and rs2981582 genotypes were significantly associated with breast cancer in EA only in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), progesterone receptor-positive (PR+) and HER2/Neu-negative (HER2-) tumors. MAP3K1 was not associated with breast cancer in EA women, but it was associated with breast cancer in AA women, again limited to ER+, PR+ and HER2- tumors. An interaction was observed between combined hormone replacement therapy use and FGFR2 rs1219648 genotypes on breast cancer risk in EA women (P = 0.010). Finally, we observed a significant interaction between MAP3K1 rs889312 and FGFR2 rs2981582 (P = 0.022) in AA but not EA women. These results confirm that FGFR2 and MAP3K1 are involved in breast cancer susceptibility and confer their effects primarily in ER+ and PR+ tumors. We further report that these genes confer their effects in HER2- tumors, interact with one another to confer breast cancer susceptibility in AA women and interact with hormone exposures in AA and EA women.

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