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Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Jun;53(6):792-5. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.10.023. Epub 2008 Nov 22.

Herpes zoster and meningitis resulting from reactivation of varicella vaccine virus in an immunocompetent child.

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1
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104-4399, USA. iyers@email.chop.edu

Abstract

Herpes zoster complicated by meningitis has been mainly reported in immunocompromised patients after reactivation of wild-type varicella-zoster virus. We present one of the first cases of aseptic meningitis after herpes zoster caused by reactivation of vaccine-type varicella-zoster virus in an immunocompetent child. We also highlight the increasing role of both wild-type and vaccine strains of varicella-zoster virus as a cause of viral meningoencephalitis and the use of appropriate laboratory tools to rapidly and accurately identify the virus in order to provide prompt patient care and management.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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