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Biomaterials. 2009 Feb;30(6):1005-14. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.10.058. Epub 2008 Nov 22.

Effect of partial hydrolysis of octacalcium phosphate on its osteoconductive characteristics.

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Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seriyo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8574, Japan.


The present study was designed to investigate whether the stoichiometry of octacalcium phosphate OCP affects its osteoconductive and immune response characteristics in rat bone marrow. Those characteristics of synthetic, well-grown OCP but with a non-stoichiometric composition were compared with those of a slightly hydrolyzed OCP (low crystalline OCP: LC-OCP), the fully hydrolyzed apatitic product of OCP or biodegradable beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) ceramic, by their implantation in rat tibia for 56 days. The physicochemical aspect of implants and biological responses were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, histomorphometry, immunohistochemistry and expression of mRNA around the implants. The remarkable findings were that: (1) the highest bone formation rate was obtained for beta-TCP whereas the lowest for LC-OCP at Day 14; (2) the rates were reversed and reached the highest for LC-OCP until Day 56; (3) the early expression of ostoeoclast markers TRAP and cathepsin-K was suppressed with LC-OCP; (4) the expression of inflammatory markers IL-beta1 and TNF-alpha was suppressed with LC-OCP. The results confirmed that the partially hydrolyzed OCP with Ca/P molar ratio 1.37 (LC-OCP) enhances bone formation most, suppressing early osteoclast activity and reducing inflammation.

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