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Vaccine. 2009 Jan 22;27(4):573-80. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.10.090. Epub 2008 Nov 19.

The temperature-sensitive mutants of Toxoplasma gondii and ocular toxoplasmosis.

Author information

1
Department of Parasitology, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, PR China. fanglilu@yahoo.com

Abstract

The risk of blindness caused by ocular toxoplasmosis supports efforts to improve our understanding for control of this disease. In this study, the involvement of CD8(+), CD4(+), B cell, and IL-10 gene in the immune response of primary ocular infection with the temperature-sensitive mutant (ts-4) of the RH Toxoplasma gondii strain, and in the protective immunity of ocular ts-4 vaccination and challenge with RH strain was investigated in murine models utilizing inbred C57BL/6 mice-deficient in CD4(+), CD8(+), B cells (microMT), or IL-10 gene. Compared to naive mice, all WT and mutant mice had different degree of ocular pathological changes after ts-4 ocular infection, in which both CD8 KO and IL-10 KO mice showed the most severe ocular lesions. Immunized by ts-4 intracameral (i.c.) inoculation, all mutant mice had partially decreased vaccine-induced resistance associated with increased ocular parasite burdens after RH strain challenge. A significant increase of the percentages of B cells and CD8(+) T cells in the draining lymph nodes were observed in WT and IL-10 KO mice after either infection or challenge. The levels of specific anti-toxoplasma IgG in both eye fluid and serum from all the mice were significantly increased after ts-4 i.c. immunization, except microMT mice. These results suggest that the avirulent ts-4 of T. gondii inoculated intracamerally can induce both ocular pathology and ocular protective immunity; CD4(+), CD8(+), B cell, and IL-10 gene are all necessary to the vaccine-induced resistance to ocular challenge by virulent RH strain, in which CD8(+) T cells are the most important component.

PMID:
19026704
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.10.090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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