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Psychooncology. 2009 Jun;18(6):571-9. doi: 10.1002/pon.1400.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cancer: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Stress Science and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on the mental and physical health status of various cancer patients.

METHODS:

Ten studies (randomized-controlled trials and observational studies) were found to be eligible for meta-analysis. Individual study results were categorized into mental and physical variables and Cohen's effect size d was computed for each category.

RESULTS:

MBSR may indeed be helpful for the mental health of cancer patients (Cohen's effect size d=0.48); however, more research is needed to show convincing evidence of the effect on physical health (Cohen's effect size d=0.18).

CONCLUSION:

The results suggest that MBSR may improve cancer patients' psychosocial adjustment to their disease.

PMID:
19023879
DOI:
10.1002/pon.1400
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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