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Vaccine. 2009 Jan 22;27(4):565-72. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.10.081. Epub 2008 Nov 18.

Antigen-specific B memory cell responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and invasion plasmid antigen (Ipa) B elicited in volunteers vaccinated with live-attenuated Shigella flexneri 2a vaccine candidates.

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Division of Infectious Disease and Tropical Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States.


We evaluated B memory responses in healthy adult volunteers who received one oral dose of live-attenuated Shigella flexneri 2a vaccine. LPS-specific B(M) cells increased from a median of 0 at baseline to 20 spot forming cells (SFC)/10(6) expanded cells following vaccination (p=0.008). A strong correlation was found between post-vaccination anti-LPS B(M) cell counts and peak serum anti-LPS IgG titers (rs=0.95, p=0.0003). Increases in B(M) specific for IpaB approaching significance were also observed. In sum, oral vaccination with live-attenuated S. flexneri 2a elicits B(M) cells to LPS and IpaB, suggesting that B(M) responses to Shigella antigens should be further studied as a suitable surrogate of protection in shigellosis.

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