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Leuk Lymphoma. 2008 Nov;49(11):2133-40. doi: 10.1080/10428190802464711.

Long-term outcome of L86 and L97 protocols for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Immunology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.


We analysed the long-term outcome of the L86 protocol using L-asparaginase (L-asp), vincristine (VCR) and prednisolone (PSL), collectively known as LVP or L97 protocol using LVP along with pirarubicin hydrochloride (THP-ADR) for 97 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed between 1986 and 2002. No significant differences were seen in the two protocols regarding the complete remission (CR) rate or survival. Seventy-five of the 97 patients (77%) achieved a CR. The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 32.1% and 30.4% at 10 years, respectively. By univariate analysis, we identified seven adverse factors for DFS which included the L2 subtype by French-American-British classification, hepatosplenomegaly, a white blood cell count of more than 30 x 10(9)/L, a blast cell count of more than 10 x 10(9)/L in the peripheral blood, hemoglobin concentration greater than 10 g/dL, a serum lactate dehydrogenase value greater than twice the upper limit of normal and the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph). According to multivariate analysis, only the presence of Ph was a significant unfavourable factor for DFS and OS. In the 30 patients under 35 years of age without Ph, the OS in the 20 patients treated with L86 and in the 10 patients treated with L97 were 48 and 86%, respectively (P = 0.011). These results indicate that intensified chemotherapy, such as the L97 protocol that includes an anthracycline, might be beneficial for younger patients who are Ph-negative.

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