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J Rehabil Med. 2008 Aug;40(8):681-3. doi: 10.2340/16501977-0227.

Memory self-efficacy and psychosocial factors in stroke.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. l.aben@erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore whether Memory Self-efficacy is related to depression, neuroticism and coping in patients after stroke, as it is in healthy elderly subjects.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional design. The relation between Memory Self-efficacy and psychosocial factors was analysed using a Mann-Whitney U test and non-parametric Spearman correlations.

PATIENTS:

Seventeen male and 6 female patients after stroke from an inpatient rehabilitation setting were included.

METHODS:

Memory Self-efficacy, depression, neuroticism and coping were assessed with validated questionnaires. Patients with severe aphasia, subarachnoidal haemorrhage or subdural haematomas were excluded.

RESULTS:

As in healthy elderly subjects, higher depression ratings are significantly related to lower Memory Self-efficacy ratings (Z = -2.13; p = 0.033). Lower Memory Self-efficacy seems related to higher neuroticism ratings and a more passive coping style score (Z = -1.54; p = 0.123; Z = -1.42; p = 0.155, respectively). The Spearman correlations confirm these finding (p < 0.10).

CONCLUSION:

This study replicated the relationships between Memory Self-efficacy and depression and neuroticism found in a healthy population, in an inpatient stroke population. Future research on Memory Self-efficacy in patients after stroke should focus on other potential determinants such as awareness and, ultimately, on the effectiveness and efficacy of interventions aimed at Memory Self-efficacy to improve participation and quality of life.

PMID:
19020704
DOI:
10.2340/16501977-0227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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