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J Rehabil Med. 2008 Aug;40(8):672-7. doi: 10.2340/16501977-0234.

The combination of a smoking cessation programme with rehabilitation increases stop-smoking rate.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, University of Rome "La Sapienza", S. Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, Rome, Italy. rpaone1023@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE AND STUDY DESIGN:

A parallel group study to investigate the effectiveness of a smoking cessation programme performed during routine rehabilitation practice for outpatients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The study participants comprised an intervention group of 102 consecutive smokers who underwent a smoking cessation programme in a rehabilitation centre and a control group of 101 consecutive smokers who were referred to a smoking cessation centre in a pulmonary hospital. All participants underwent physical examination,pulmonary function tests and received identical behavioural and/or pharmacological treatment. In addition, the intervention group underwent rehabilitation practice 3 times a week for 3 months.

RESULTS:

The continuous abstinence rate at 12 months, which was validated by an expired air carbon monoxide concentration of 10 parts per million or less and a household interview, was 68% in the intervention group and 32% in the control group. Multivariable analysis showed that rehabilitation was significantly associated with smoking cessation after adjusting for years of smoking, number of cigarettes smoked,gender and treatment (odds ratio = 4.34, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that smoking cessation programmes during routine rehabilitation may be highly effective in helping smoking withdrawal and should be a strongly recommended component of rehabilitation practice.

PMID:
19020702
DOI:
10.2340/16501977-0234
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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