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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Dec;191(6):W240-7. doi: 10.2214/AJR.07.4037.

Interventional management of hypervascular osseous metastasis: role of embolotherapy before orthopedic tumor resection and bone stabilization.

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Department of Diagnostic, Interventional and Pediatric Radiology, Inselspital, University of Berne, Freiburgstrasse 20, CH-3010 Berne, Switzerland.



The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in relation to intraoperative estimated blood loss (EBL), the effectiveness of preoperative transcatheter arterial embolization of hypervascular osseous metastatic lesions before orthopedic resection and stabilization.


Between June 1987 and November 2007, 22 patients underwent transcatheter arterial embolization of tumors of the long bone, hip, or vertebrae before resection and stabilization. Osseous metastatic lesions from renal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, leiomyosarcoma, and prostate cancer were embolized. All patients were treated with a coaxial catheter technique with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles alone or a combination of PVA particles and coils. After embolization, each tumor was angiographically graded according to devascularization (grades 1-3) based on tumor blush after contrast injection into the main tumor-feeding arteries.


In patients with complete devascularization (grade 1), mean EBL was calculated to be 1,119 mL, whereas in patients with partial embolization (grades 2 and 3) EBL was 1,788 mL and 2,500 mL. With respect to intraoperative EBL, no significant difference between devascularization grades was found (p > 0.05). Moderate correlation (r = 0.51, p = 0.019) was observed between intraoperative EBL and tumor size before embolization. Only low correlation (r = 0.44, p = 0.046) was found between intraoperative EBL and operating time. Major complications included transient palsy of the sciatic nerve and gluteal abscess in one patient.


The results of this study support the concept that there is no statistically significant difference among amounts of intraoperative EBL with varying degrees of embolization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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