Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2009 Jan 16;284(3):1628-35. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M807469200. Epub 2008 Nov 19.

A novel receptor-induced activation site in the Nipah virus attachment glycoprotein (G) involved in triggering the fusion glycoprotein (F).

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA. haguilar@ucla.edu

Abstract

Cellular entry of paramyxoviruses requires the coordinated action of both the attachment (G/H/HN) and fusion (F) glycoproteins, but how receptor binding activates G to trigger F-mediated fusion during viral entry is not known. Here, we identify a receptor (ephrinB2)-induced allosteric activation site in Nipah virus (NiV) G involved in triggering F-mediated fusion. We first generated a conformational monoclonal antibody (monoclonal antibody 45 (Mab45)) whose binding to NiV-G was enhanced upon NiV-G-ephrinB2 binding. However, Mab45 also inhibited viral entry, and its receptor binding-enhanced (RBE) epitope was temperature-dependent, suggesting that the Mab45 RBE epitope on G may be involved in triggering F. The Mab45 RBE epitope was mapped to the base of the globular domain (beta6S4/beta1H1). Alanine scan mutants within this region that did not exhibit this RBE epitope were also non-fusogenic despite their ability to bind ephrinB2, oligomerize, and associate with F at wild-type (WT) levels. Although circular dichroism revealed conformational changes in the soluble ectodomain of WT NiV-G upon ephrinB2 addition, no such changes were detected with soluble RBE epitope mutants or short-stalk G mutants. Additionally, WT G, but not a RBE epitope mutant, could dissociate from F upon ephrinB2 engagement. Finally, using a biotinylated HR2 peptide to detect pre-hairpin intermediate formation, a cardinal feature of F-triggering, we showed that ephrinB2 binding to WT G, but not the RBE-epitope mutants, could trigger F. In sum, we implicate the coordinated interaction between the base of NiV-G globular head domain and the stalk domain in mediating receptor-induced F triggering during viral entry.

PMID:
19019819
PMCID:
PMC2615506
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M807469200
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center