Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Heart Fail. 2008 Dec;10(12):1255-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ejheart.2008.10.004. Epub 2008 Nov 18.

The efficacy and safety of Crataegus extract WS 1442 in patients with heart failure: the SPICE trial.

Collaborators (154)

Dimov N, Kermova R, Konyarova NI, Manolova T, Rangochev B, Solakov P, Ballek L, Brtko M, Carda J, Drápalík V, Drazka J, Franc P, Hejhal O, Toman J, Kvásová P, Lang P, Peterka K, Popelová J, Rybka J, Adelberger V, Al-Zoebi A, Albrecht S, Ammer K, Bachour G, Barth A, Bock M, Böhm G, Böneke H, Bründermann H, Busse HJ, Damaschke H, Diehl K, Fischer S, Fuchs RG, Gärtner J, Gaydov S, Gessner S, Giehrl TH, Glatzel D, Haufe S, Heepe W, Fries P, Heydenreich CJ, Henke R, Hennig L, Hilbert M, Hofmann U, Hohensee H, Holzapfel M, Isbruch FM, Jung T, Jung N, Kaspari S, Kemper R, Kleinertz K, Krehbiel J, Kern R, Kuhnen R, Leicht M, Leszke S, Lohr E, Maas M, Mandlik W, Nabel B, Orlowski M, Overmeyer G, Pahl M, Peterhansl T, Pospiech R, Wille B, Rapp P, Richard F, Ringwald G, Ritter B, Rudroff WD, Scheibner TH, Schlauch W, Schröder A, Schwarz D, Schwarz W, Türk W, Voss HG, Weiland W, Kokott N, Weiler CH, Weimer J, Weingart M, Wozny HW, Younossi K, Zotz R, Edes I, Gozīte A, Pomere A, Marcinkeviciene JE, Babarskiene MR, Baltuskevicius A, Berūkstis E, Dambrauskaite A, Jankauskiene L, Misiūra J, Simaitis A, Steponeniene R, Valiulis A, Valius L, van Kempen LH, Achremczyk P, Cholewa M, Dubejko J, Janion M, Jaworska K, Kastelik J, Kleinrok A, Krauze-Wielicka M, Majer Z, Krzemińska-Pakuła M, Kuśnierz B, Kuźniar J, Łoboz-Grudzień K, Musiał W, Nartowicz E, Pluta W, Pluta A, Poloński L, Tendera M, Zaleska T, Coucello JA, Ilić S, Kovac M, Kovacević DC, Mijailović Z, Mirić M, Obradović V, Ostojić MC, Seferović PM, Vasiljević Z, Zdravković M, Gonos I, Kmec P, Pella D, Tóth P, Zima M, Bombek M, Kovac D, Rakovec P, Skrabl-Mocnik F, Zemva A, Dyadyk A, Dzyak GV, Dzyak VM, Lutay M, Parkhomenko A, Pavlyk SS, Polivoda S, Voronkov LG.

Author information

1
Median Clinics Bad Krozingen, Bad Krozingen, Germany. c.holubarsch@median-bk.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Crataegus preparations have been used for centuries especially in Europe. To date, no proper data on their efficacy and safety as an add-on-treatment are available. Therefore a large morbidity/mortality trial was performed.

AIM:

To investigate the efficacy and safety of an add-on treatment with Crataegus extract WS 1442 in patients with congestive heart failure.

METHODS:

In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study, adults with NYHA class II or III CHF and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF< or =35%) were included and received 900 mg/day WS 1442 or placebo for 24 months. Primary endpoint was time until first cardiac event.

RESULTS:

2681 patients (WS 1442: 1338; placebo: 1343) were randomised. Average time to first cardiac event was 620 days for WS 1442 and 606 days for placebo (event rates: 27.9% and 28.9%, hazard ratio (HR): 0.95, 95% CI [0.82;1.10]; p=0.476). The trend for cardiac mortality reduction with WS 1442 (9.7% at month 24; HR: 0.89 [0.73;1.09]) was not statistically significant (p=0.269). In the subgroup with LVEF> or =25%, WS 1442 reduced sudden cardiac death by 39.7% (HR 0.59 [0.37;0.94] at month 24; p=0.025). Adverse events were comparable in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this study, WS 1442 had no significant effect on the primary endpoint. WS 1442 was safe to use in patients receiving optimal medication for heart failure. In addition, the data may indicate that WS 1442 can potentially reduce the incidence of sudden cardiac death, at least in patients with less compromised left ventricular function.

PMID:
19019730
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejheart.2008.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center