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Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2008 Dec;36(12):1191-201. doi: 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2008.09.016. Epub 2008 Nov 18.

[Surgical and functional results of rectosigmoidal resection for severe endometriosis].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, hôpital Bichat Claude-Bernard, AP-HP, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75018 Paris, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Indications of colorectal resection for endometriosis are controversial because of the risk of major complications. This study aims to evaluate the value of different diagnostic tests in decision-making, and to evaluate the surgical results and complications, as well as long-term functional results after surgery.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In the set of a retrospective case series, 50 patients who have been admitted for a colorectal resection because of deep endometriosis were included. Most of them have had an MRI and an endorectal ultrasonography. Specific questionnaires have been proposed in order to evaluate symptoms, sexuality (BISF-W) and quality of life (EHP-30).

RESULTS:

For the diagnosis of rectal involvement, the sensitivity of MRI and endorectal ultrasonography were 55 and 100%, respectively. Forty-one colorectal amputations and nine partial colorectal resections have been done by 24 laparotomies, two laparoscopies and 24 laparoconversions. Major complications included six (12.5%) digestive fistulas, three (6%) anastomotic strictures, one ureterovaginal fistula and one ureteral stricture. Risk factors associated with digestive fistulas were the association of a vaginal opening (p=0.002) and an additional ileocaecal resection (p=0.007). The mean follow-up period was of 42 months. A significant improvement of dysmenorrhea (p<10(-4)), dyschesia (p<10(-4)), chronic pelvic pain (p<10(-4)), and of some digestive symptoms such as catamenial epreintes (p=0.002) and catamenial diarrheas (p=0.006), was noted. We noted postoperative 14 dysurias, six constipations and 12 rectal polykynesias. Four patients have had deep recurrent lesions. Twenty patients had a desire of pregnancy after the operation, 17 pregnancies were obtained (eight spontaneous and nine by ART) giving birth to 14 living children. Sexuality evaluation was below normal range. The quality of life was improved for most of the items. The global satisfaction was good (91%).

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION:

Colorectal resection for deep endometriosis improve significantly most of the pain symptoms, but the women should have detailed counselling about the risks of major complications and recurrence.

PMID:
19019719
DOI:
10.1016/j.gyobfe.2008.09.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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