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Parasitol Res. 2009 Mar;104(4):821-6. doi: 10.1007/s00436-008-1262-3. Epub 2008 Nov 19.

Trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica express a CD59-like molecule in human colon.

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Departamento de Morfología, Centro de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, Av Universidad 940, col. Cd. Universitaria, Aguascalientes CP. 20100, México.


In vitro studies have proved the presence of epitopes of CD59 in the surface of trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica). However, it has not been proved if CD59 molecules are expressed in the surface during the trophozoites' tissue invasion. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the complement-regulatory protein CD59 is present on trophozoites of E. histolytica in human colon. Eleven specimens of amoebic colitis were studied by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy techniques with a monoclonal antibody against human CD59 molecule. Our results show that a CD59-like molecule is expressed in trophozoites of E. histolytica found in colonic amebic lesions. Also, a CD59-like molecule was detected by western blot analysis in whole lysate of E. histolytica as well as on the plasma membrane by immunocytochemistry. These results suggest that E. histolytica can use CD59-like protein against the lytic action of membrane attack complex.

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