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Chest. 2009 Jan;135(1):18-25. doi: 10.1378/chest.08-1456. Epub 2008 Nov 18.

Outcomes Associated With Delirium in Older Patients in Surgical ICUs.

Author information

1
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: balasm@nursing.upenn.edu.
2
University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing and Center for Bioethics and Health Law, Pittsburgh, PA.
3
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.
4
Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA.
5
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We previously noted that older adults admitted to surgical ICUs (SICUs) are at high risk for delirium. In the current study, we describe the association between the presence of delirium and complications in older SICU patients, and describe the association between delirium occurring in the SICU and functional ability and discharge placement for older patients.

METHODS:

Secondary analysis of prospective, observational, cohort study. Subjects were 114 consecutive patients >or= 65 years old admitted to a surgical critical care service. All subjects underwent daily delirium and sedation/agitation screening during hospitalization. Outcomes prospectively recorded included SICU complication development, discharge location, and functional ability (as measured by the Katz activities of daily living instrument).

RESULTS:

Nearly one third of older adults (31.6%) admitted to an SICU had a complication during ICU stay. There was a strong association between SICU delirium and complication occurrence (p = 0.001). Complication occurrence preceded delirium diagnosis for 16 of 20 subjects. Subjects with delirium in the SICU were more likely to be discharged to a place other than home (61.3% vs 20.5%, p < 0.0001) and have greater functional decline (67.7% vs 43.6%, p = 0.023) than nondelirious subjects. After adjusting for covariates including severity of illness and mechanical ventilation use, delirium was found to be strongly and independently associated with greater odds of being discharged to a place other than home (odds ratio, 7.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.93 to 26.82).

CONCLUSIONS:

Delirium in older surgical ICU patients is associated with complications and an increased likelihood of discharge to a place other than home.

PMID:
19017895
PMCID:
PMC2963095
DOI:
10.1378/chest.08-1456
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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