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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Feb;94(2):695-8. doi: 10.1210/jc.2008-1322. Epub 2008 Nov 18.

1513A>C polymorphism in the P2X7 receptor gene in patients with papillary thyroid cancer: correlation with histological variants and clinical parameters.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, via Roma 67, 56126 Pisa, Italy.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The modulation of the purinergic receptor P2X7 may be implicated in human carcinogenesis. The 1513A>C and 489C>T polymorphisms of P2X7R gene induce loss of function and gain of function, respectively.

AIM:

The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of both 1513A>C and 489C>T polymorphisms in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and to evaluate the possible association with clinical and histological features.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

P2X7R analysis was performed in lymphocytes from 121 PTC patients (100 women, 21 men; aged 43.4 +/- 13.6 yr), 100 matched healthy subjects, and 80 patients with nodular goiter.

RESULTS:

The minor allele frequency for 1513A>C polymorphism in PTC patients with the classical variant was similar to controls (0.21 and 0.20, respectively), whereas it resulted in a significant increase in patients with the follicular variant (0.36; P = 0.01 vs. classical variant, and P = 0.005 vs. controls). In detail, 13.6% of patients with PTC follicular variant were homozygous for the 1513C allele, compared to 2.6% of patients with the classical variant and 2% of controls. Moreover, a positive relationship between 1513A>C polymorphism and either cancer diameter (Rho = 0.22; P = 0.02) or TNM stage (Rho = 0.38; P < 0.001) was found. No significant difference in the genotype frequency of 489C>T polymorphism between PTC patients and healthy controls was observed (0.42 and 0.47, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data show, for the first time, a strong association between 1513A>C polymorphism of P2X7R gene and the follicular variant of PTC. Further studies are needed to confirm the possible role of this polymorphism as a novel clinical marker of PTC follicular variant and its usefulness in selecting patients with different clinical outcome.

PMID:
19017759
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2008-1322
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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