Send to

Choose Destination
J Cell Physiol. 2009 Apr;219(1):14-22. doi: 10.1002/jcp.21643.

Dual functions for LTBP in lung development: LTBP-4 independently modulates elastogenesis and TGF-beta activity.

Author information

Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.


The latent TGF-beta binding proteins (LTBP) -1, -3, and -4 are extracellular proteins that assist in the secretion and localization of latent TGF-beta. The null mutation of LTBP-4S in mice causes defects in the differentiation of terminal air-sacs, fragmented elastin, and colon carcinomas. We investigated lung development from embryonic day 14.5 (E14.5) to day 7 after birth (P7) in order to determine when the defects in elastin organization initiate and to further examine the relation of TGF-beta signaling levels and air-sac septation in Ltbp4S-/- lungs. We found that defects in elastogenesis are visible as early as E14.5 and are maintained in the alveolar walls, in blood vessel media, and subjacent airway epithelium. The air-sac septation defect was associated with excessive TGF-beta signaling and was reversed by lowering TGF-beta2 levels. Thus, the phenotype is not directly reflective of a change in TGF-beta1, the only TGF-beta isoform known to complex with LTBP-4. Reversal of the air-sac septation defect was not associated with normalization of the elastogenesis indicating two separate functions of LTBP-4 as a regulator of elastic fiber assembly and TGF-beta levels in lungs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms


Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center