Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Public Health. 2008 Nov 12;8:385. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-385.

Barriers for introducing HIV testing among tuberculosis patients in Jogjakarta, Indonesia: a qualitative study.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Sekip Utara 55281, Jogjakarta, Indonesia. yodi_mahendradhata@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

HIV and HIV-TB co-infection are slowly increasing in Indonesia. WHO recommends HIV testing among TB patients as a key response to the dual HIV-TB epidemic. Concerns over potential negative impacts to TB control and lack of operational clarity have hindered progress. We investigated the barriers and opportunities for introducing HIV testing perceived by TB patients and providers in Jogjakarta, Indonesia.

METHODS:

We offered Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) to TB patients in parallel to a HIV prevalence survey. We conducted in-depth interviews with 33 TB patients, 3 specialist physicians and 3 disease control managers. We also conducted 4 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with nurses. All interviews and FGDs were recorded and data analysis was supported by the QSR N6 software.

RESULTS:

Patients' and providers' knowledge regarding HIV was poor. The main barriers perceived by patients were: burden for accessing VCT and fear of knowing the test results. Stigma caused concerns among providers, but did not play much role in patients' attitude towards VCT. The main barriers perceived by providers were communication, patients feeling offended, stigmatization and additional burden.

CONCLUSION:

Introduction of HIV testing among TB patients in Indonesia should be accompanied by patient and provider education as well as providing conditions for effective communication.

PMID:
19014468
PMCID:
PMC2596127
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2458-8-385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center