Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biomaterials. 2009 Feb;30(4):603-10. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.09.050. Epub 2008 Nov 13.

The influence of protein adsorption on nanoparticle association with cultured endothelial cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Goergen Hall, Rochester, NY 14627, USA.


As materials are produced at smaller scales, the properties that make them especially useful for biological applications such as drug delivery, imaging or sensing applications also render them potentially harmful. There has been a reasonable amount of work addressing the interactions of biological fluids at material surfaces that demonstrates the high affinity of protein for particle surfaces and some looking at the role of particle surface chemistry in cellular associations, but mechanisms have been too little addressed outside the context of intended, specific interactions. Here, using cultured endothelium as a model for vascular transport, we demonstrate that the capacity of nanoparticle surfaces to adsorb protein is indicative of their tendency to associate with cells. Quantification of adsorbed protein shows that high binding nanoparticles are maximally coated in seconds to minutes, indicating that proteins on particle surfaces can mediate cell association over much longer time scales. We also remove many of the most abundant proteins from culture media which alters the profile of adsorbed proteins on nanoparticles but does not affect the level of cell association. We therefore conclude that cellular association is not dependent on the identity of adsorbed proteins and therefore unlikely to require specific binding to any particular cellular receptors.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center