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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009 Jan;142(1):53-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2008.09.003. Epub 2008 Nov 17.

Depressive symptoms, anxiety, and quality of life in women with pelvic endometriosis.

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1
Graduate Studies in Health Sciences, Pontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess depressive symptoms, anxiety and quality of life in women with pelvic endometriosis.

STUDY DESIGN:

A prospective study of 104 women diagnosed with pelvic endometriosis. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) were used to evaluate depressive symptoms; the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A) to evaluate anxiety symptoms; and the short (26-item) version of the World Health Organization Quality Of Life instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) to evaluate quality of life.

RESULTS:

Of the patients evaluated, 86.5% presented depressive symptoms (mild in 22.1%, moderate in 31.7%, and severe in 32.7%) and 87.5% presented anxiety (minor in 24% and major in 63.5%). Quality of life was found to be substandard. Age correlated positively with depressive symptoms, as determined using the BDI (P=0.013) and HAM-D (P=0.037). There was a positive correlation between current pain intensity and anxiety symptoms, as assessed using the STAI (state, P=0.009; trait, P=0.048) and HAM-A (P=0.0001). The complaints related to physical limitations increased in parallel with the intensity of pain (P=0.017). There was an inverse correlation between duration of treatment and quality of life (P=0.017). There was no correlation between psychiatric symptoms and endometriosis stage.

CONCLUSIONS:

A rational approach to endometriosis should include an evaluation of the emotional profile and quality of life. That approach would certainly reduce the functional damage caused by the endometriosis.

PMID:
19010584
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2008.09.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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