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Eur J Biochem. 1991 Mar 14;196(2):459-67.

Glutamate dehydrogenase from the thermoacidophilic archaebacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus.

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Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche, Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy.


An NAD(P)-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase was purified to homogeneity from the thermoacidophilic archaebacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus. The enzyme is a hexamer (subunit mass 45 kDa) which dissociates into lower states of association when submitted to gel filtration. Isoelectric focusing analysis of the purified enzyme showed a pI of 5.7 and occasionally revealed microheterogeneity. The enzyme is strictly specific for the natural substrates 2-oxoglutarate and L-glutamate, but is active with both NADH and NADPH. S. solfataricus glutamate dehydrogenase revealed a high degree of thermal stability (at 80 C the half-life was 15 h) which was strictly dependent on the protein concentration. Very high levels of glutamate dehydrogenase were found in this archaebacterium which suggests that the conversion of 2-oxoglutarate and ammonia to glutamate is of central importance to the nitrogen metabolism in this bacterium.

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