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J Cell Biochem. 2009 Jan 1;106(1):103-8. doi: 10.1002/jcb.21980.

Lipocalin-2 is induced by interleukin-1beta in murine adipocytes in vitro.

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Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.


Lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) has recently been isolated as an adipocyte-secreted acute phase reactant that plays a role in insulin resistance, obesity, and atherosclerotic disease. In the current study, we determined regulation of Lcn2 by the proinflammatory and insulin resistance-inducing cytokine interleukin (IL)-1beta in 3T3-L1 and brown adipocytes by relative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Interestingly, IL-1beta dramatically induced Lcn2 mRNA in both adipocyte models. Furthermore, Lcn2 protein secretion was dramatically upregulated in 3T3-L1 adipocytes after 24 h of IL-1beta treatment. Experiments using pharmacological inhibitors indicated that IL-1beta-induced Lcn2 expression is mediated via nuclear factor kappaB and janus kinase 2. Taken together, our results show an upregulation of Lcn2 by IL-1beta in fat cells implicating a potential role of this adipocyte-secreted acute phase reactant in the development of insulin resistance, obesity, and associated disorders including cardiovascular disease.

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