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Cell Death Differ. 2009 Feb;16(2):331-9. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2008.167. Epub 2008 Nov 14.

Essential role for Bclaf1 in lung development and immune system function.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. peter.mcpherson@utoronto.ca

Abstract

Bcl-2 associated factor 1 (Bclaf1) is a nuclear protein that was originally identified in a screen of proteins that interact with the adenoviral bcl-2 homolog E1B19K. Overexpression of Bclaf1 was shown to result in apoptosis and transcriptional repression that was reversible in the presence of Bcl-2 or Bcl-x(L). Furthermore, antiapoptotic members, but not proapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 protein family, were shown to interact with Bclaf1 and prevent its localization to the nucleus. Bclaf1 has also recently been identified as a binding partner for Emerin, a nuclear membrane protein that is mutated in X-linked recessive Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. To ascertain the in vivo function of Bclaf1, we have generated mice that carry a targeted mutation of the bclaf1 locus. In this study, we show that Bclaf1 is required for proper spatial and temporal organization of smooth muscle lineage during the saccular stage of lung development. We also show that Bclaf1 is dispensable for thymocyte development but is essential for peripheral T-cell homeostasis. Despite its postulated role as a proapoptotic protein, Bclaf1-deficient cells did not show any defect in cell death linked to development or after exposure to various apoptotic stimuli. Our findings show a critical role for Bclaf1 in developmental processes independent of apoptosis.

PMID:
19008920
DOI:
10.1038/cdd.2008.167
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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