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Am J Public Health. 2009 Jan;99(1):87-93. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.127480. Epub 2008 Nov 13.

Impact of the family health program on infant mortality in Brazilian municipalities.

Author information

1
Instituto de Saúde Coletiva, Federal University of Bahia, Rua Basílio da Gas/n, Canela, CEP. 40.110-140. Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. aquino@ufba.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We evaluated the effects of the Family Health Program (FHP), a strategy for reorganization of primary health care at a nationwide level in Brazil, on infant mortality at a municipality level.

METHODS:

We collected data on FHP coverage and infant mortality rates for 771 of 5561 Brazilian municipalities from 1996 to 2004. We performed a multivariable regression analysis for panel data with a negative binomial response by using fixed-effects models that controlled for demographic, social, and economic variables.

RESULTS:

We observed a statistically significant negative association between FHP coverage and infant mortality rate. After we controlled for potential confounders, the reduction in the infant mortality rate was 13.0%, 16.0%, and 22.0%, respectively for the 3 levels of FHP coverage. The effect of the FHP was greater in municipalities with a higher infant mortality rate and lower human development index at the beginning of the study period.

CONCLUSIONS:

The FHP had an important effect on reducing the infant mortality rate in Brazilian municipalities from 1996 to 2004. The FHP may also contribute toward reducing health inequalities.

PMID:
19008516
PMCID:
PMC2636620
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2007.127480
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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