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Top Stroke Rehabil. 2008 Sep-Oct;15(5):484-93. doi: 10.1310/tsr1505-484.

Acquired apraxia of speech: a review.

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1
Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

Apraxia of speech (AOS) is an acquired adult neurogenic communication disorder that often occurs following stroke. The purpose of this article is to review current research studies addressing the diagnostic and therapeutic management of AOS. Traditional definitions and characteristics are compared with current features that assist in the differential diagnosis of AOS. Prognostic indicators are reviewed in addition to how neuroplasticity may impact treatment in chronic AOS. Treatment techniques discussed include the articulatory kinematic approach (AKA), use of augmentative/alternative communication devices, intersystemic facilitation/reorganization, and constraint-induced therapy. Finally, the need to address functional communication through support groups, outside the therapeutic environment, is discussed.

PMID:
19008207
DOI:
10.1310/tsr1505-484
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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