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Audiol Neurootol. 2009;14(3):163-71. doi: 10.1159/000171478. Epub 2008 Nov 13.

Binaural hearing after cochlear implantation in subjects with unilateral sensorineural deafness and tinnitus.

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1
University Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Antwerp, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium. katrien.vermeire@uibk.ac.at

Abstract

The aim of this clinical study was to assess speech recognition in noise after cochlear implantation in subjects with single-sided deafness and incapacitating tinnitus. 20 subjects complaining of severe intractable tinnitus unresponsive to treatment received a MED-EL cochlear implant (CI). 11 subjects had normal hearing (NH group) on the contralateral side, while 9 used a hearing aid (HA group). The subjects were tested in noise in two listening conditions, i.e. with their acoustic hearing only and with adding the CI to the acoustic hearing (binaural). Subjective improvement in daily life was evaluated using the Speech Spatial and Qualities Hearing Scale (SSQ). The summation effect (3.3 dB for the HA group and 0.6 dB for the NH group) is not significant in both groups. A significant squelch effect of adding the CI was seen for the HA users (3.8 dB), but not for the NH group (1.2 dB). Additionally, a significant effect of adding the CI was found for the spatial configuration where noise is presented in front and speech on the CI side for both the HA group (6.5 dB) and the NH group (1.7 dB). Results of the SSQ show a significant overall benefit of wearing the CI for both groups. The preliminary results of these 20 subjects suggest that cochlear implantation can improve hearing in people suffering from single-sided deafness combined with tinnitus.

PMID:
19005250
DOI:
10.1159/000171478
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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