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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Feb 22;1096(2):127-33.

Altered G-protein expression and adenylate cyclase activity in platelets of non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDDM) male subjects.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, U.K.


Adenylate cyclase activity and levels of guanine nucleotide regulatory proteins (G-proteins) were compared in platelets from normal and non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDDM) male subjects. Whilst no differences were noted in basal and NaF-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities the degree of stimulation achieved by both forskolin and prostaglandin, E1 was lower by some 34 and 52% respectively, in platelet membranes from diabetic subjects compared with those from normal control subjects. Altered alpha 1-adrenoceptor-mediated inhibition of prostaglandin E1-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity was evident; it being some 34% lower in platelet membranes from diabetic subjects compared to controls. Analysis of G-protein alpha-subunits, using specific anti-peptide antisera, showed that platelets from all subjects exhibited the Gi-2 and Gi-3, but not the Gi-1 forms of the inhibitory G-protein 'Gi' and all expressed the 42 kDa species of alpha-subunit of the stimulatory G-protein Gs. Whilst platelets of diabetic subjects had levels of Gs which were comparable to those found in control subjects their levels of Gi-2 and Gi-3 were some 49 and 75%, respectively, of those found in platelets from control subjects. It is suggested that changes in adenylate cyclase functioning and G-protein expression may contribute to altered platelet functioning in non-insulin-dependent diabetic subjects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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