Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009 Apr;138(4):421-8. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20954.

New data on the late Neandertals: direct dating of the Belgian Spy fossils.

Author information

1
Department of Paleontology, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium. patrick.semal@naturalsciences.be

Abstract

In Eurasia, the period between 40,000 and 30,000 BP saw the replacement of Neandertals by anatomically modern humans (AMH) during and after the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition. The human fossil record for this period is very poorly defined with no overlap between Neandertals and AMH on the basis of direct dates. Four new (14)C dates were obtained on the two adult Neandertals from Spy (Belgium). The results show that Neandertals survived to at least approximately 36,000 BP in Belgium and that the Spy fossils may be associated to the Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician, a transitional techno-complex defined in northwest Europe and recognized in the Spy collections. The new data suggest that hypotheses other than Neandertal acculturation by AMH may be considered in this part of Europe.

PMID:
19003923
DOI:
10.1002/ajpa.20954
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for ORBi (University of Liege)
Loading ...
Support Center