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Nutr Cancer. 2008;60 Suppl 1:70-80. doi: 10.1080/01635580802381253.

Citrus compounds inhibit inflammation- and obesity-related colon carcinogenesis in mice.

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Kanazawa Medical University, Daigaku, Uchinada, Ishikawa, Japan.


Dietary polyphenols are important potential chemopreventive natural agents. Other agents, such as citrus compounds, are also candidates for cancer chemopreventives. They act on multiple key elements in signal transduction pathways related to cellular proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, inflammation, and obesity. This short review article provides our findings of preclinical studies on potential chemopreventive activities of dietary citrus compounds, auraptene, collinin, and citrus unshiu segment membrane (CUSM), using clitis- and obesity-related colon tumorigenesis models. Dietary feeding with auraptene and collinin at dose levels of 0.01% and 0.05% significantly lowered the incidence (50-60% reduction) and multiplicity (67-80% reduction) of colonic adenocarcinomas induced by azoxymetahene [AOM, single intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg body weight (bw)] and dextran sodium sulfate (1% in drinking water). Anti-inflammatory potency of aurapene and collinin may contribute to the effects. Administration with CUSM at 3 doses in diet significantly inhibited development of aberrant crypts foci induced by 5 weekly subcutaneous injections of AOM (15 mg/kg bw) in male db/db mice: 53% inhibition by 0.02% CUSM, 54% inhibition by 0.1% CUSM, and 59% inhibition by 0.5% CUSM. CUSM treatment also decreased serum level of triglycerides. Our findings suggest that certain citrus materials are capable of inhibiting clitis- and obesity-related colon carcinogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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