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Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Nov;46(11):564-70.

Effect of food on the pharmacokinetic profile of trans-resveratrol.

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1
Department of Research and Development, BIAL, S. Mamede do Coronado, Portugal.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

It has been postulated that trans-resveratrol may act as an antioxidant, cardioprotective, neuroprotective and cancer chemopreventive agent. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of food on the bioavailability of trans-resveratrol following oral administration.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Single-centre, open-label, randomized, 2-way crossover study on 24 healthy subjects. The study consisted of two consecutive treatment periods separated by a washout of 7 days or more. On each of the study periods subjects were administered a single-dose of 400 mg of trans-resveratrol following either a standard high fat content meal or 8 hs of fasting.

RESULTS:

There was a large interindividual variability in the trans-resveratrol pharmacokinetic parameters. Mean +/- SD maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) was 42.2 +/- 36.6 ng/ml in fed and 47.3 +/- 30.0 ng/ml in fasting conditions. Median time to Cmax (tmax) was 2.0 h in fed and 0.5 h in fasting (p < 0.0001). The fed/fasting geometric mean ratio (GMR) and 90% confidence interval (90% CI) were 79.4 and 53.8, 117.0% for Cmax, and 106.0 and 86.8, 128.0% for the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC0- yen). The 90% CI for the GMR of AUC0- yen and Cmax fall outside the usual bioequivalence acceptance range of 80, 125%, but that of AUC0- yen was close to the bioequivalence standard.

CONCLUSION:

The rate of absorption of trans-resveratrol following an oral 400 mg single-dose was significantly delayed by the presence of food, as reflected by Cmax and tmax. However, the extent of absorption, as reflected by AUC- yen, was not affected in a relevant way.

PMID:
19000554
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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