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Transfusion. 2009 Feb;49(2):265-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2008.01972.x. Epub 2008 Nov 4.

Blockade of maternal anti-HPA-1a-mediated platelet clearance by an HPA-1a epitope-specific F(ab') in an in vivo mouse model of alloimmune thrombocytopenia.

Author information

1
Blood Research Institute, BloodCenter of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 53201, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is most commonly caused by transplacental passage of maternal human platelet-specific alloantigen (HPA)-1a antibodies that bind to fetal platelets (PLTs) and mediate their clearance. SZ21, a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) directed against PLT glycoprotein IIIa, competitively inhibits the binding of anti-HPA-1a alloantibodies to PLTs in vitro. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether SZ21 F(ab')(2) fragments might be therapeutically effective in inhibiting or displacing maternal HPA-1a antibodies from the fetal PLT surface and preventing their clearance from circulation.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Resting human PLTs from HPA-1ab heterozygous donors were injected into nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice. Purified F(ab')(2) fragments of SZ21 or control immunoglobulin G (IgG) were injected intraperitoneally 30 minutes before introduction of HPA-1a antibodies. Blood samples were taken periodically and analyzed by flow cytometry to determine the percentage of circulating human PLTs.

RESULTS:

Anti-HPA-1a IgG from NAIT cases were able to efficiently clear HPA-1a-positive PLTs from murine circulation. Administration of SZ21 F(ab')(2) fragments not only inhibited binding of HPA-1a antibodies to circulating human PLTs, preventing their clearance, but also displaced bound HPA-1a antibodies from the PLT surface.

CONCLUSION:

F(ab')(2) fragments of HPA-1a-selective MoAb SZ21 effectively inhibit anti-HPA-1a-mediated clearance of human PLT circulating in an in vivo NOD/SCID mouse model. These results suggest that agents that inhibit binding of anti-HPA-1a to PLTs may have therapeutic potential in the treatment of NAIT.

PMID:
19000229
PMCID:
PMC4154534
DOI:
10.1111/j.1537-2995.2008.01972.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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