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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Oct 10;101(15):156804. Epub 2008 Oct 10.

Klein backscattering and Fabry-Pérot interference in graphene heterojunctions.

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Department of Physics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA.


We present a theory of quantum-coherent transport through a lateral p-n-p structure in graphene, which fully accounts for the interference of forward and backward scattering on the p-n interfaces. The backreflection amplitude changes sign at zero incidence angle because of the Klein phenomenon, adding a phase pi to the interference fringes. The contributions of the two p-n interfaces to the phase of the interference cancel with each other at zero magnetic field, but become imbalanced at a finite field. The resulting half-period shift in the Fabry-Pérot fringe pattern, induced by a relatively weak magnetic field, can provide a clear signature of Klein scattering in graphene. This effect is shown to be robust in the presence of spatially inhomogeneous potential of moderate strength.

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