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J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Dec 3;130(48):16417-23. doi: 10.1021/ja806415t.

Gold-catalyzed deoxygenative nazarov cyclization of 2,4-dien-1-als for stereoselective synthesis of highly substituted cyclopentenes.

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Department of Chemistry, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC.


Treatment of 2,4-dien-1-als with allylsilanes and PPh(3)AuSbF(6) (3 mol %) led to formation of 1,4-bis(allyl)cyclopentenyl products; this gold catalyst is superior to commonly used Lewis acids according to catalyst screening. Such gold-catalyzed deoxygenative cyclizations are compatible with various oxygen-, amine-, sulfur-, hydrogen-, and carbon-based nucleophiles. The value of this new catalysis is demonstrated by the diverse annulations of 2,4-dien-1-als with electron-rich alkenes and arenes, providing an easy access to complicated cyclopentenyl frameworks. Structural analysis of annulation products reveals evidence for the participation of Nazarov cyclization. This deoxygenative cyclization is extensible to a tandem intramolecular cyclization/nucleophilic addition cascade, giving polycyclic carbo- or oxacyclic compounds with controlled stereochemistry. This new gold catalysis is applied to a short synthesis of natural compounds of the brazilane family, including brazilane, O-trimethyl-, and O-tetramethyl brazilane.

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