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Bioinspir Biomim. 2008 Dec;3(4):046007. doi: 10.1088/1748-3182/3/4/046007. Epub 2008 Nov 7.

Hydrophobic duck feathers and their simulation on textile substrates for water repellent treatment.

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Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.


Inspired by the non-wetting phenomena of duck feathers, the water repellent property of duck feathers was studied at the nanoscale. The microstructures of the duck feather were investigated by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) imaging method through a step-by-step magnifying procedure. The SEM results show that duck feathers have a multi-scale structure and that this multi-scale structure as well as the preening oil are responsible for their super hydrophobic behavior. The microstructures of the duck feather were simulated on textile substrates using the biopolymer chitosan as building blocks through a novel surface solution precipitation (SSP) method, and then the textile substrates were further modified with a silicone compound to achieve low surface energy. The resultant textiles exhibit super water repellent properties, thus providing a simple bionic way to create super hydrophobic surfaces on soft substrates using flexible material as building blocks.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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